Why Do I Have Swollen Feet? Causes and Treatments

Why Do I Have Swollen Feet? Causes and Treatments

Are you not fitting into your shoes anymore and wondering why? Swollen feet can occur for everyone every once in a while, in varying degrees and for different reasons. Maybe you are on your feet for a long time, or it could be because of another ailment. Whatever the cause, the best remedy is rest. Care Tips Reviews: Bodybuilding 101: The Total Body Workout what does proviron do the skinny on bodybuilding supplements: is pre workout supplementation necessary? A common cause of swollen feet is standing for long periods of time or after long periods of exercise. This is because when you are on your feet, gravity works to pull blood towards them, causing degrees of pooling, which can lead to swelling. The medical term is known as edema, and the main cause is small blood vessels leaking fluid out to nearby tissue.

Causes of Swollen Feet

Other than standing up, there are other causes attributed to swelling in the feet. If your feet are swelling and you want to know why, watch out for any of these causes:


Swelling feet are a common symptom of late pregnancy. This is normal and is caused by fluid retention and increased pressure in the veins. However, pregnant women should be wary of excessive swelling as it can be a sign of preeclampsia.

Foot or Ankle Injuries

Any injuries that occur to your foot or ankle can cause swelling, most commonly a sprained ankle. Sprained ankles happen when you accidentally misstep, causing your ankle ligaments to be stretched beyond their natural limit. To reduce swelling, make sure you stay off that ankle, take lots of rest, use ice packs and compression bandages.


If you live a sedentary life involving little to no activity, then this allows excess fluid to build in your feet, causing swelling. To prevent this, make sure to get at least 10 to 15 minutes of walking or exercising per day.

Wearing Shoes that Don’t Fit

If you wear shoes that don’t fit you properly (i.e. they are too tight), this can put excess pressure on your feet and cut circulation off to the area. The pressure can cause excess fluid to pool in your legs, causing swelling. You can address this by getting shoes that fit you properly.

Hot Weather

In the hotter months, searches about swollen feet spike on Google. This is because, during hot weather, feet can swell because your veins expand when trying to cool the body down. This process then contributes to fluid leaks into the nearby tissues. This fluid can also expand into the ankles and feet, causing swelling there. You can help prevent this by drinking lots of water and wearing comfortable shoes that allow for ventilation.


Our bodies retain more moisture when we drink alcohol and this can cause swelling. If your feet are always swelling when you are drinking, this could be an indication that you are drinking too much or too often. This can also be a sign of kidney problems. You can help yourself by elevating your feet, drinking plenty of water and reducing salt intake. Soaking your feet in cold water can also help.

What You Need To Know About Cracked Heels

Why Do You Need To Know About Cracked Heels?

When there is a fissure or a break in the skin around the edges of the heels, cracking can occur. This is more likely to happen if the skin in that area of your foot is dry or thick, and these cracks can open and close, resulting in pain when standing or walking.

When we stand, walk or run, a lot of pressure is placed on our heels from our body weight, and this can cause the tissue under our heels to spread out, resulting in a pulling force on the skin around the heels. Standing for extended periods of time or wearing open back shoes can also cause cracked heels as they can place increased pressure and tension on the skin around this area. It is important to check on your heels regularly because if the skin in this area is dry or thickened, it may lose its ability to withstand such pressure and will break, so you need to monitor your feet and care for them properly.

Those who suffer from dermatitis, diabetes, psoriasis or hypothyroidism are more at risk for developing dry skin, so you would have to pay extra attention to this part of your body. If any cracks in your heels are left untreated, they may become infected, and you will experience increased redness and a lot of pain.

If you have cracked heels, there are certain steps you can take at home to help treat this condition. The first is to file the skin around your heels gently with either an emery board or pumice stone if it is not too painful. If your heels are causing you too much pain, soak them in warm water with salt for a maximum of ten minutes, as this will clear any bacteria in the cracks of your skin. Next, dry your feet thoroughly with a towel because water can dehydrate the skin and make matters worse. You will then have to apply an emollient that contains urea or salicylic acid to your heels, which can be purchased at pharmacies. They are designed to lock in moisture in your feet and will help soften your hardened skin. If the pain from the cracks is unbearable, cover them with a plaster or bandage to keep them dry for a couple of days and avoid open-back shoes. It is very important to wear the right footwear, so invest in the right shoes with the proper support.

If the situation is severe or you have a medical condition affecting your immune system or have diabetes, it is a must that you see a podiatrist before treating your cracked heels on your own because they will be able to suggest the best treatment for your needs and condition specifically.

If you require professional care, Elite Foot Care can help. Whether you require diabetic foot care or have other concerns related to your feet, we can help, so if you are in Edmonton, contact us today!


Diabetic Foot Problems: Symptoms, Treatment, and Foot Care

Diabetic Foot Problems: Symptoms, Treatment, and Foot Care

People with diabetes are prone to foot problems because prolonged periods of high blood sugar levels can have serious complications on many parts of the body, including the feet. Diabetic neuropathy and peripheral vascular disease are the two main foot problems that can develop in people with poorly managed diabetes.

Diabetic neuropathy numbs the feet, which would reduce your awareness of wounds and infections. You would also fail to notice when your shoes are too tight or if they’re rubbing and this lack of sensation can result in cuts and blisters. The peripheral vascular disease causes fatty deposits to block vessels beyond the brain and heart and affects the blood vessels leading to and from the extremities like your hands and feet, causing reduced blood flow. This can lead to pain and infections and wounds that heal slowly. Both conditions can lead to an amputation, so those with diabetes need to pay close attention to their health so that they recognize symptoms and seek help.

Symptoms will vary from one person to another but can include numbness or tingling sensations, a loss of feeling, red streaks, blisters and other wounds without any pain, staining on socks, and skin discoloration. A person can also experience a fever, chills, redness, shock or uncontrollable blood sugar if an infection develops. If you have diabetes and experience symptoms related to an infection, you need to seek emergency treatment right away, especially if the infection is on your feet.

Treatments will be based on the severity of the condition, and there are both surgical and nonsurgical options available. A doctor will first attempt to treat diabetic foot problems without surgery but if these methods do not help, surgical treatments may be required. This may include the removal of decaying or dead tissue through surgery. This will be considered if nonsurgical options cannot heal your diabetic foot problems successfully.

It is very important that you try to prevent foot problems if you have diabetes, and the proper care will allow you to do this. Keeping your feet healthy is a must, and foot hygiene must be a priority. Checking your feet daily, washing them every day and wearing supportive shoes and socks can help. These steps will prevent foot problems from developing as will blood flow to the feet, which you can achieve by putting your feet up when sitting and wiggling your toes periodically. These will help promote healthy blood flow to your feet, so make sure you incorporate these steps into your daily routine.

Elite Foot Care can help you maintain healthy feet. Regular examinations are very important, so if you require diabetic foot care in the Edmonton area, give us a call today!


The ‘What’ And ‘How’ Of Foot Conditions

The 'What' And 'How' Of Foot Conditions

Our feet are working hard and pushed to their limits nearly every day! We are on them for hours, if not the majority of the time we are awake. Our bodies are interconnected in ways that we are still studying today. Because of this, even any small or minor foot conditions can have great effects on the rest of our body. It only requires time and a lack of care.  Anything from what we choose to wear to our body’s anatomy, anything can affect our feet and cause a potential foot injury or condition. Below, we will discuss possible scenarios or habits and the issues that might stem from them, and we will also go over possible solutions. 

Ill-fitting Shoes

Not wearing the proper sized shoes can cause bunions, black toenails or blisters. The obvious solution is to get shoes that fit you properly. At any foot clinic, like Elite Foot Care, they can offer shoe-fitting sessions where you can discover your true shoe size.  Taping your feet using medical tape can also provide protection if you find that you suffer from blistering often. This can reduce the friction that causes the blisters in the first place.

Flat Feet

Suffering from flat feet can cause something called “plantar fasciitis.” Getting a pair of high-quality orthotics can help with this by providing you with arch support. This will reduce the symptoms of having flat feet by supporting your arch.  Stretching out your Achilles tendon daily can also help, as it often takes the majority of the impact when walking around.  Supportive shoes are another option, these can correct your gait imbalance and provide a solid foundation.  Physical therapy might also benefit you, the goal with this is to reduce the muscle imbalances, which naturally occur as a result of overcompensating your flat feet. These include exercises that strengthen your muscles along your arch and Achilles tendon.  Avoiding high-impact activities will also benefit you as these can exacerbate your condition. Stick with walking, swimming or biking and other low-impact activities instead.


Overpronation can cause Morton’s neuroma. Getting custom orthotics can help you with this as they can help with stability and limiting the effects of overpronation.  Stability shoes can also help by providing a stiff medial post and reducing the amount of overpronation by preventing your foot from rolling inwards. The support in these shoes can also absorb some of the impact. 


Overtraining can cause osteoarthritis, bone spurs, Achilles tendonitis or plantar fasciitis. Overtraining leads to injury, and it can quicken the onset of foot conditions like osteoarthritis. Rest is the best solution; if you are experiencing pain, then let your feet rest.  Stretching and maintaining flexibility in your lower limbs can be key, as well. Increasing your load slowly will help your body get used to the weight, and will help you gauge whether or not it is too much.  Small habits you can change today can help greatly in preventing foot conditions or preventing them from worsening. Doing things that have less impact on your feet will help you greatly in the long run. Contact Elite Foot Care today for a consultation or if you have any questions on how you can change your habits.

Why You Should Get Pedicures From A Foot Care Nurse Rather Than A Day Spa

Why You Should Get Pedicures From A Foot Care Nurse Rather Than A Day Spa

One week, two weeks, or maybe four weeks is the time it takes for your feet to feel dry, your toenails to feel brittle, or maybe just until your feet aren’t looking as good as when you got your last pedicure at the spa. Once realizing this, your first thought is probably to book an appointment with your local salon to get a pedicure, but did you know that long-term, getting your pedicures at a day spa might not be worth it? Find out why foot care nurses how should an ectomorph approach body building can offer more than your local day spa the next time you are looking for a pedicure.


Not all day spas are created equally. Some go above and beyond to uphold a high standard of hygiene, some simply don’t. In addition to unclean water or unsanitized hands (at a time like this?!), a lot of spas reuse nail polish brushes on multiple clients. That means if one of those clients had foot fungus, you could be the next unsuspecting person to catch it. When you choose a foot care nurse like at Elite Foot Care, we use sterilized dishes and one-time use products in order to keep our clients safe and healthy.

A More Detailed Level Of Care

Of course, pedicures are a great way to take care of your feet, pamper yourself and make yourself feel more relaxed. They even boost your feet’s appearance and help your confidence. But they are only skin deep, and have superficial benefits that only apply to aesthetics. But they do not actually treat any underlying medical problems or conditions. From a foot care nurse, you will receive care from somebody who can analyze your feet and step in with long-term care solutions that can get you into better shape. They can use things like laser therapy in order to correct problems that are more than an aesthetician can handle.

Choosing The Right Products For You

The experts at Elite Foot Care are also able to recommend and tailor products for your feet so that they are able to become healthier with time. They are also educated on how to spot symptoms and problems early on of what could potentially be long-term podiatric issues and address them in advance before they cause more damage down the line.


When you get a pedicure at the salon, once it is over, you will put your shoes back on and head out the door. But what if your shoes are causing you problems? When you choose a foot care nurse, they will be able to take a look at your footwear and determine the benefits or damages it has on your feet long-term. They are able to recommend orthopedic shoes or sandals that can help you alleviate pain in your feet and also the rest of your body. Problems in the rest of your body can originate in the feet, after all.   While going to day spas are okay in order to address aesthetic problems, foot care nurses can offer you a more professional, medical, hygienic, and long-term solution to one of the most important parts of your body: your feet. Contact Elite Foot Care today to book an appointment or speak with us over the phone if you have any questions.  

Essential Tips For Diabetic Foot Care

Essential Tips For Diabetic Foot Care

Diabetes is a chronic disease that is characterized by high blood sugar levels, which are brought on by the absence of insulin in the body due to the body’s inability to produce it. Insulin is what is responsible for controlling your blood sugar levels in your body. Being constantly thirsty, hungry and frequently needing to use the bathroom are early signs of diabetes. In the late stage, diabetes can cause kidney failure, blindness, or artery problems that lead to stroke. It may also cause poor wound healing, which can lead to limb amputation.

What Is Diabetic Foot?

Diabetic foot is a common issue that arises with diabetes. It is caused by different diabetes symptoms. Your calluses can break down – this is when you develop a crack in them, which can breakdown and develop into an ulcer with time. Infection is another reason because diabetics have poor blood circulation. Your body’s ability to combat infection will become impaired. Just a small bacterial infection in between your toes or nails can worsen with time and become uncontrollable and make the infection bigger and bigger. Nerve damage is also to blame for minor cuts and wounds that are accidental and caused by the lack of sensation in your foot. A diabetics’ nervous system gets damaged, especially in the foot, by the onset of the disease. This causes your body’s defense mechanism to dull and make pain, heat or pressure harder to notice or feel. This is why when a diabetic person steps on something sharp or hot, they can’t immediately sense this and this can cause the wound to be a lot worse.

How To Take Care Of Your Diabetic Foot

Make sure that you are wearing the correct shoes and slippers made especially for diabetics. Do not walk barefoot! Choosing the right footwear is important to your foot health, because poor fitting shoes are a common cause of foot injury, especially to diabetics. Pick shoes that are made out of breathable materials and have mesh vents in order to keep the feet dry and prevent bacteria from forming. The use of diabetic socks is also beneficial, as these are designed for diabetics and are designed to protect you from irritation. They do not have seams and fit just like a second skin. This prevents poor circulation and blisters caused by tightness on your seams. These are also usually made with smart moisture-wicking fibres, which prevent moisture build-up and keep the feet dry, thus preventing the growth of bacteria. Remember to always get regular foot inspections, make it a habit to check your feet for any blisters or cuts that might be developing. Washing your feet regularly is important every day. You should use some mild soap and water. Make sure the water is not too hot and that you don’t soak your feet for too long. If you’ve been diagnosed with diabetes, it doesn’t mean you have to live your life with pain every day. If you take care of yourself and know the right information and practice it, you can protect yourself from debilitation.

Common Foot Care Mistakes

Common Foot Care Mistakes

It is very important to care about the condition of your feet and you must do everything you can to help them remain healthy. You may be surprised to know that a lot of people unintentionally damage their feet through common mistakes that they don’t realize they are making. Learning about these mistakes will help you take better care of your feet, so make sure to avoid the following:

Wearing the wrong shoes

Proper footwear is extremely important because the wrong shoes will damage your feet and cause you pain. Certain styles of shoes should be avoided and this is especially true if they have no arch support or shock absorption because the lack of these elements will inevitably lead to pain. Ballet flats are a great example because even though they may be comfortable, they lack support and this will lead to problems. Good cushioning and arch support are a must and the shoes must be the right fit so that your feet do not get damaged. Fashion is fun, but do not sacrifice your comfort!

Wearing shoes without socks

Your feet produce sweat and socks help with this aspect. When your bare feet are covered inside your shoes, the sweat they produce will be unable to escape and will collect on the skin, which can lead to the growth of fungus. You may experience discoloured nails or itchy skin as a result but socks can help prevent this because they wick away sweat while providing better cushioning and comfort.

Cleaning feet incorrectly

Standing in the shower and letting the water run over your feet is not enough and this will not help your feet get clean. You need to wash your feet thoroughly using soap and you must dry them afterwards because dampness can lead to fungal infections. Make sure you clean the tops and bottoms of your feet as well as in-between your toes.

Cutting your toenails incorrectly

This may seem like an easy task but a lot of people are guilty of doing it incorrectly. Improper nail trimming can lead to ingrown toenails and this can turn into a serious problem that may require treatment. You must cut straight across and leave as much of the cuticle on as possible. You should never cut your nails in a curve as this will increase the chances of an infection and ingrown toenails. If you do get an ingrown toenail, you need to take care of the problem right away so that it does not become worse. Elite Foot Care can provide you with more information regarding your feet and how to properly care for them. We are a clinic in Edmonton that specializes in diabetic foot care and our knowledge and expertise will ensure that your feet are healthy. We can provide you with proper foot treatments and care, so come and visit us today!

5 reasons to use Podoexpert Cracked and Dry Skin Foam

5 reasons to use Podoexpert Cracked and Dry Skin Foam

Elite Foot Care chooses to supply our clients and customers with the best foot care products on the market. We have aligned with PodoExpert (formerly Alpressan) products for three years, and today, we will dive into how and why your feet can benefit from the Cracked and Dry Skin Foam.

Naturally, clients with skin issues are skeptical of a new “lotion or potion”. Why? Everyone wants to sell a solution that anecdotally worked for a “friend of a friend.” Inevitably, these
products fail for you more than they will succeed, and for a variety of reasons.

Firstly, because anecdotal solutions sell well. People think “this worked for John, so it’ll work for me.” Not so! You are not John, so John’s solution likely won’t work for you. Secondly, a lack of proper assessment leads individuals to purchase products that are not suitable for their particular conditions. Clients can save a lot of time and money by receiving an assessment, treatment, and
possible referral to appropriate medical professionals and proper products. Here are five reasons why you should consider PodoExpert Cracked and Dry Skin Foam for your

1. Clients with chronically dry skin and deep, painful cracks will find relief with this product. The BarrioExpert® LIPO2Technology uses skin-equivalent lipids to form a
barrier so the skin can repair itself. It also acts as “gortex” for your skin, forming an invisible, breathable, protective mesh to keep out germs, dirt and allergens…all while
letting the skin breathe and sweat normally. Your feet will feel soft and protected.

2. Another incredible feature of the Cracked to Dry Skin foam is that it is nongreasy and nonslippery on skin. You don’t need to wait for it to soak in before putting your socks
on or climbing into bed.

3. Because this foam is fast-absorbing, it is suitable for use by diabetics and can be used between the toes. We have been using this foam on many diabetic clients over the last
three years with great success.

4. With many clients and their families experiencing scent sensitivities or allergies, PodoExpert Cracked and Dry Skin Foam is fragrance-free. No perfumes, oils, or scents
will detract from the quality.

5. PodoExpert is cost-effective. On average, one can last 60-90 days, depending on client needs and recommended usage from your Foot Nurse. You need approximately 1-
3cm of foam per foot.

Elite Foot Care is proud to be associated with the PodoExpert brand because, simply put, THEY WORK. They consistently exceed client and practitioner expectations because they are
scientifically tested, trialed, and backed by foot professionals worldwide.

Order your product here.


How To Fix Cracked Heels

How To Fix Cracked Heels

Cracked Heels can be the bane of one’s existence. They’re painful, sore, and sometimes they bleed. Let’s be honest…any sort of foot pain will have you second-guessing everything you’ve done in your life up till this point. I usually find, with my clients, that one heel is worse than the other. Since we all have less than optimal gait, this is “normal” for humans in North America. How do cracked heels develop? Firstly, neglect and poor foot care. Second, calluses build-up, and walking adds pressure to the heels. Thirdly, compromised skin integrity can compound
cracked heels—Edema, excess weight, diabetes and foot ulcers can all contribute to this problem. So…how can you fix it?

Firstly, prepare to be consistent. For these cracks to go away, you need to be in it for the long haul. Set a weekly alarm in your phone so you don’t miss out on fixing your problem.

Secondly, file your feet DRY. That’s right… don’t soak your feet. Calluses are harder to remove if they are wet.

Next, get a decent foot file. A medium to coarse emery board works wonderfully, or a Pedi roller. Avoid pumice stones and metal files that will “grate” your heels, as these can go too deep, cause pain and numbness, and possibly exacerbate your problem.
Fourthly, get filing. I recommend removing a little at a time. Depending on your calluses, complications, and foot care conditions, start with filing down 10-15% of the callus on and/or
around the cracks. Do not get too aggressive…if you file away too much too soon, you risk having some burning, shooting pain in the heels. Always err on the conservative side.
Lastly, hydration! Drink enough water to keep your skin hydrated. Apply the lotion once or twice per day, depending on your ability and consistency. Do not use a petroleum-based product. I
recommend PodoExpert Cracked or Dry Skin Foam.

If your cracked heels are more severe than you can handle, or you have further complications that necessitate deferring to a professional, please reach out to us and make an appointment
for one of our highly trained foot care nurses.


Corns and Calluses-Is There A Cure?

Corns and Calluses-Is There A Cure?

Throughout my practice as a foot care nurse, I have seen many clients, most between the ages of 35-50, book appointments for corn and callus removal. Many have been suffering foot pain for a very long time. Some have had their corns misdiagnosed as warts!

Today we will discuss what corns and calluses are, what causes them, and we will discuss treatment solutions.


Calluses are areas of thickened skin cells, designed to protect the body from harm. A callus is the body’s response to protect the skin from breakdown, cuts, or abrasions. For instance, powerlifters and bodybuilders always develop calluses on their hands. These are caused by lifting a variety of weight, usually very heavy Olympic bars or dumbbells, on a regular basis. Likewise, calluses form on our feet as a result of how we walk, friction in our shoes, or over bony prominences to protect our feet. Calluses can also add cushion to body areas.

Over time, as your feet are under constant stress, calluses can build up to an unhealthy thickness which may cause your shoes to fit improperly, alter your gait, or cause you pain or discomfort. Fortunately, calluses can be easily managed once they are brought under control.


Corns are simply localized calluses. They are round, hard areas on your foot that have been under focal pressure for a prolonged period of time. Corn is incredibly painful because the pressure shoots right up the nerve endings in the foot. Ouch! Some people have corns with minimal issues, while others are unable to walk under the crippling pain. If you are experiencing such pain and discomfort, contact your foot care nurse immediately. (link to book appointment form). A professional and qualified foot care nurse will likely be able to remove your corns in one visit.


Corns and calluses should not be removed on your own. Do not be tempted to dig into your feet with implements like scissors or kitchen knives. It’s vital that these conditions are properly assessed and brought under control by a trained professional. If you have troublesome corn and cannot see your foot care nurse for several days, you can purchase corn pads from your local pharmacy. These are small, oval-shaped pads with a small hole in the center. They have an adhesive on one side, and a soft foam cushion on the other. You can apply these corn pads to the affected area, with the corn in the center. This will relieve the pressure on the area, giving you a much-needed reprieve until your appointment. Once removed, you will be more comfortable and pain-free. Calluses will always return but are simple to manage once your foot care nurse gives you the go-ahead. Corns may or may not reappear, depending on a number of factors. Keep your feet clean, dry, and moisturized and make sure to notify your foot care nurse if they return.